Archive | April, 2011

No.16 An Interview about Taiwan Problem

28 Apr

No.14 Taiwan Problem

27 Apr

Taiwanproblem is a sensitive and special issue forChinamainland. Normally,Taiwanbe seen as a country as a country. However, is it a country or just a region? Why Chinese government againstTaiwan’s independent?

The truth is that, firstly,Taiwanproblem is caused by Chinese civil war in 1947~1949. The Kuomintang which was the ruling party at that time was defeated by Chinese Communist Party and retreated toTaiwan.  Secondly, bothChinamainland controlled by CCP andTaiwancontrolled by KMT all wanted to defeat the opposite party and unify wholeChina. Thirdly,Taiwan’s full name is Republic of China, in the Constitution of the Republic of China, its territory includesTaiwan,Chinamainland evenMongoliaas well.

Just show some pictures, how does ROC think itself?

(available at:http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=http://webfragmente.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/roc_administrative_and_claims.jpg&imgrefurl=http://webfragmente.wordpress.com/2010/10/07/interessante-weltsicht-taiwans-territorial-claims/&usg=__ToHoaWQcCmKRSIk-w2UC4fv0tJM=&h=674&w=847&sz=185&hl=zh-CN&start=0&sig2=V-krDr0T0gJ9dMyOO6eBsg&zoom=1&tbnid=osoIsJRTcgpNIM:&tbnh=149&tbnw=187&ei=zXu4TeinNoyz8QOw_sGTDg&prev=/search%3Fq%3Drepublic%2Bof%2Bchina%26um%3D1%26hl%3Dzh-CN%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1259%26bih%3D630%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=141&page=1&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0&tx=48&ty=102)

It is the map of Republic of China.

(available at:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Exit_and_Entry_Permit_of_Republic_of_China_(Taiwan).jpg)

Exit and Entry Permit Taiwan, Republic of China. This permit is issued by the Republic of China to enable mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau residents to travel to Taiwan. The Republic of China refuses to accept the The People’s Republic of China passports.

(available at:http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Passport_of_the_Republic_of_China_1982.jpg)

The passport of Republic of China, issued in 1982.

(available at:http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Taiwan_ROC_Passport.jpg)

The passport of Republic of China, issued in 2009.

(available at:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China.svg)

The Flag of the Republic of China, a state commonly known as Taiwanwas first used in mainland China by the Kuomintang (KMT, the Chinese Nationalist Party) in 1917 and was made the official flag of the ROC in 1928. It was enshrined in the 6th article of the Constitution of the Republic of China when it was promulgated in 1947. Since 1949, the flag is mostly used within Taiwan where the Republic of China relocated after having lost the Chinese Civil War to the Communists.

Republic of China (representative ofChina) was the first five permanent members of United Nations. However, with the development of People’s Republic ofChina(usually be seen as Red China), PRC replace to ROC to be representative ofChinain United Nations.

The ROC argues that it maintains all the characteristics of a state and that it was not “replaced” or “succeeded” by the PRC because it has continued to exist long after the PRC’s founding. Therefore, the argument between ROC and PRC is which one isChina’s official representative. Through communication these years, they all agree with “One China with Two Explanations”.

In addition, because of PRC attended many diplomatic activities asChina’s unique official government these years, so the international space of survival for ROC becomes much smaller. Some people tried to suggest usingTaiwanas name to attend international activities. That’s why some people supportTaiwanindependence.

According to a November 2005 poll from the Mainland Affairs Council, 37.7% of people living in the ROC favor maintaining the status quo until a decision can be made in the future, 18.4% favors maintaining the status quo indefinitely, 14% favors maintaining the status quo until eventual independence, 12% favors maintaining the status quo until eventual reunification, 10.3% favors independence as soon as possible, and 2.1% favors reunification as soon as possible.

Anyway, ROC has got huge achievement. In 1996, the first directly Presidential election of the Republic of China been held. Li Denghui is the first elected president in Chinese society. In addition, ROC got huge achievement on democracy and human rights.

Japan’s well-known management expert, McKinsey & Company analyst Kenichi Ohmae, in his book “Chinese Federation”,he thinks both sides is possible to merge and set up a federal even Singapore are likely to join the federal system of China.

Anyway, peace is the most important thing for the two sides of the Taiwan Straits. We just hope there will be a good solution in the future.

No.13 Rep. Chris Smith upbraids Clinton, Obama for silence on China’s female ‘gendercide’ | LifeSiteNews.com

25 Apr

Rep. Chris Smith upbraids Clinton, Obama for silence on China’s female ‘gendercide’ | LifeSiteNews.com.

No.12 How to evaluate the One Child Policy?

25 Apr

I interviewed an Indian and a Chinese who was born in the UK, and asked them how do they think about the policy. 

We have to admit that the One Child Policy has some advantages forChina’s society. However, it still got criticism from international society. Chris Smith, who is U.S. Republican congressman, he attacked the policy as the most Violation of human rights in recent 30 years. He said there was no government did human rights violation likeChina’s government. He pointed that there were many girls baby and children got grievous injury by One Child Policy. He encouraged U.S government continues to pressure and try to make the ruling party inChinawhich is CCP to give up the policy. 

In 2002,Chinaoutlawed the use of physical force to make a woman submit to an abortion or sterilization, but it is not entirely enforced. In the execution of the policy, many local governments still demand abortions if the pregnancy violates local regulations.

The policy caused many social problems as well:

The “four-two-one” problem, it means a family of two only child needs to support for his or her two parents even include grand parents. Also, they still need to support their child as well. It is a huge pressure for a young family.

Effects on female population, it means in the country like China, which has long tradition of son preference, people more prefer to have a son over daughter because male is helpful for farm work and Chinese traditionally hold that daughters, on their marriage, become primarily part of the groom’s family. Therefore it leads to some pregnant women perform abortions if the baby’s sex is female. The sex ratio at birth (between male and female births) in mainlandChina reached 117:100 in the year 2000, substantially higher than the natural baseline, which ranges between 103:100 and 107:100. It will be serious social problem in the future.

(available at:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chinapop.svg)

For me, as a Chinese which is one of the first generation since One Child Policy started, I could understand why the government did it. The basic purpose is for the national benefit. I think the positive reviews and negative reviews are from two different ideologies.China’s government puts the national benefits before all things even human rights. Probably, One Child Policy is helpful forChinain a curtain extent but it is definitely human rights violation. However, heChina’s government reviewed the policy and expressed considerations to allow for couples to have a second child. I think every thing will be better in the future.

No.11 China’s One Child Policy

25 Apr

InChina, the one child policy was introduced to stabilize the country’s population. It officially restricts the number of children married urban couples can have to one, although it allows exemptions for several cases, including rural couples, ethnic minorities, and parents without any siblings themselves. More than twenty years after it introduced its one-child policy,Chinais keeping its promise, allowing only-children who marry each other to have a second child.

 

(available at: http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=http://www.sovereignindependent.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/China-One-Child-Policy.bmp&imgrefurl=http://www.sovereignindependent.com/%3Fp%3D8978&usg=__R_GvucMKGZR52K2ik9CAVQQMqwg=&h=198&w=303&sz=177&hl=zh-CN&start=0&sig2=LznHGgLiRGmVNetMHWCfWQ&zoom=1&tbnid=DqsyowNlnuyggM:&tbnh=118&tbnw=181&ei=HuC1TZmVBMWv8gPdpayWDA&prev=/search%3Fq%3Done%2Bchild%2Bpolicy%26um%3D1%26hl%3Dzh-CN%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1209%26bih%3D605%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=437&page=1&ndsp=16&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0&tx=51&ty=72)

Maybe it is an unfathomed policy for western people, but it really good effect on China’s population and economy. After the introduction of the one-child policy, the fertility rate in China fell from over three births per woman in 1980 (already a sharp reduction from more than five births per woman in the early 1970s) to approximately 1.8 births in 2008.

 The Chinese government estimates that it had three to four hundred million fewer people in 2008 with the one-child policy, than it would have had otherwise. Chinese authorities thus consider the policy as a great success in helping to implementChina’s current economic growth. The reduction in the fertility rate and thus population growth has reduced the severity of problems that come with overpopulation, like epidemics, slums, overwhelmed social services (such as health, education, law enforcement), and strain on the ecosystem from abuse of fertile land and production of high volumes of waste. Even with the one-child policy in place,Chinastill has one million more births than deaths every five weeks.

 

(available at:http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=http://www.cefc.com.hk/uf/image/Photos%2520diverses%2520PC%2520CP/CR%2520JUDD%2520Greenhalgh%2520Susan%2520Just%2520One%2520Child%2520net.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.cefc.com.hk/pccpa.php%3Faid%3D2420&usg=__OHp1be8zbYgo13fRMJxPoiEveL8=&h=631&w=414&sz=138&hl=zh-CN&start=397&sig2=x4gOh5x-waQ0RXAyIdvhpg&zoom=1&tbnid=25HDxkS63lWDuM:&tbnh=145&tbnw=96&ei=f-C1TfWtK4rF8QPiysmVDA&prev=/search%3Fq%3Done%2Bchild%2Bpolicy%26um%3D1%26hl%3Dzh-CN%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1209%26bih%3D605%26tbm%3Disch&chk=sbg&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=47&page=24&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:397&tx=64&ty=41)

It is fact that The One Child Policy got non-population-related benefits as well:

Because of the decrease of pregnancy, it helps provide a better health service for women and a reduction in the risks of death and injury associated with pregnancy. In addition, people can get free condoms or contraception at family planning offices and pregnant women can have free pre-natal classes as well. The individual savings rate has increased since the one-child policy was introduced. This has been partially attributed to the policy in two respects. First, the average Chinese household expends fewer resources, both in terms of time and money, on children, which gives many Chinese more money with which to invest. Second, since young Chinese can no longer rely on children to care for them in their old age, there is an impetus to save money for the future.

The original intent of the one-child policy was economic, to reduce the demand of natural resources, maintaining a steady labor rate, reducing unemployment caused from surplus labor, and reducing the rate of exploitation. Therefore, the policy be introduced quickly and covered wholeChina.

No.10 China’s Income Gap

25 Apr

At first, please have a overview from a CNN report.

Just have a look some examples:

With the same two workers who are state-owned enterprise workers, the one who is working in electricity meter reading get 100,000 RMB (about 9,900 pounds) per year but he other one who is a steel worker can only get 20,000 RMB (about 1980 pounds) per year. Chen Jiulin, who is a general state-owned enterprises manager(China Aviation Oil), his annual pay is 20,000,000 RMB (about 1,980,000 pounds).

With massive land, abundant natural resources,Chinahas a huge cheap labor, low taxation and a growing consumer market.InChina’s first stage of economic development, the nation’s success derived from cheap labor and low prices. China’s workers are still living in poverty even through the country’s economy is developing fast. Probably they are just sacrificial lambs for the economic achievement. The article in the newspaper, run by the Party School of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, says the rich population consisted of private business owners got rich due to their talent and diligence, but those who gained wealth through collusion with officials in power-for-money deals or because they happen to work in monopoly companies or because they stole state assets.

(available at: http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=http://coto2.files.wordpress.com/2010/09/income_gap1.gif&imgrefurl=https://coto2.wordpress.com/tag/income-gap/&usg=__yduFwRFLT9y_qAwkYPMEH9jJmkE=&h=496&w=325&sz=29&hl=zh-CN&start=0&sig2=ds4XMoitzYDG0H-iPngksw&zoom=1&tbnid=1zxwO5A4M9wF4M:&tbnh=147&tbnw=96&ei=X860Tdz_MIGO8gOlhomWDA&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dincome%2Bgap%26hl%3Dzh-CN%26biw%3D1225%26bih%3D605%26gbv%3D2%26tbm%3Disch&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=328&page=1&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&tx=87&ty=59)

However, is there any necessary change for the situation?

A Chinese professor thinks that the key point of income gap is monopoly and corruption. These two elements directly lead to the income gap. Yes, all of this income gap stuff is depressing, insofar as it tells us about the problems we are currently facing. We are hoping the government to take some effective measures to improve society and ease the income gap.

No.9 The China in Gini Coefficient

24 Apr

Recently, income gap became a hot topic and got much concerns inChina’s society. Before the economic reform and opening-up,China’s property is concentrated in the hands of the government. There was only a small income gap between urban residents and rural residents as well. Because of the economic reform was started from rural economy, so 1985 became the year which had the smallest income gap between urban residents and rural residents. However, with the development of the reform,China’s cities got huge improvement so that urban-rural income gap was continuing expanding.

The Gini coefficient is a measure of the inequality of a distribution, a value of 0 expressing total equality and a value of 1 maximal inequality. It has found application in the study of inequalities in disciplines as diverse as sociology, economics, health science, ecology, chemistry, engineering and agriculture.

It is commonly used as a measure of inequality of income or wealth. Worldwide, Gini coefficients for income range from approximately 0.23 (Sweden) to 0.70 (Namibia) although not every country has been assessed.

 

(available at:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gini_Coefficient_World_CIA_Report_2009-1.png)

China’s Gini Coefficient has been reached to the international alertness line level. A report released by the Asian Development Bank revealed thatChina’s Gini coefficient – an indicator of the wealth divide – rose from0.407 in1993 to0.473 in2004. If the Gini coefficient is calculated to include unpaid taxes and illegal income, then it rose from 0.47 to0.49 inthose years. However, the international alertness line of Gini Coefficient is 4.0.

In the world today the gap between the rich and the poor becomes wider and wider. Social and economic growth in many developing countries is slow, and one-third of the population in developing countries still lives below the poverty line. Development is uneven in the Asia-Pacific and throughout the world. The gap between the rich and the poor still exists. It is really a serious challenge forChina.