No.12 How to evaluate the One Child Policy?

25 Apr

I interviewed an Indian and a Chinese who was born in the UK, and asked them how do they think about the policy. 

We have to admit that the One Child Policy has some advantages forChina’s society. However, it still got criticism from international society. Chris Smith, who is U.S. Republican congressman, he attacked the policy as the most Violation of human rights in recent 30 years. He said there was no government did human rights violation likeChina’s government. He pointed that there were many girls baby and children got grievous injury by One Child Policy. He encouraged U.S government continues to pressure and try to make the ruling party inChinawhich is CCP to give up the policy. 

In 2002,Chinaoutlawed the use of physical force to make a woman submit to an abortion or sterilization, but it is not entirely enforced. In the execution of the policy, many local governments still demand abortions if the pregnancy violates local regulations.

The policy caused many social problems as well:

The “four-two-one” problem, it means a family of two only child needs to support for his or her two parents even include grand parents. Also, they still need to support their child as well. It is a huge pressure for a young family.

Effects on female population, it means in the country like China, which has long tradition of son preference, people more prefer to have a son over daughter because male is helpful for farm work and Chinese traditionally hold that daughters, on their marriage, become primarily part of the groom’s family. Therefore it leads to some pregnant women perform abortions if the baby’s sex is female. The sex ratio at birth (between male and female births) in mainlandChina reached 117:100 in the year 2000, substantially higher than the natural baseline, which ranges between 103:100 and 107:100. It will be serious social problem in the future.

(available at:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chinapop.svg)

For me, as a Chinese which is one of the first generation since One Child Policy started, I could understand why the government did it. The basic purpose is for the national benefit. I think the positive reviews and negative reviews are from two different ideologies.China’s government puts the national benefits before all things even human rights. Probably, One Child Policy is helpful forChinain a curtain extent but it is definitely human rights violation. However, heChina’s government reviewed the policy and expressed considerations to allow for couples to have a second child. I think every thing will be better in the future.

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