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No.3 The Social Problems Caused by the Reform

7 Mar

 It is fact thatChinahas achieved huge improvement. However, with the development, social contradiction becomes more and more grisliness, mass disturbances usually happened between public and government.

Slow Political Reform

After the Thirteenth National Congress of the Party, the party decoded to start political reform with economic reform together. However, in 1989, the student movement rocked the government; the party stopped political reform and paid attention on class conflict and keeping social stability. At present, there has been too much concentration of power in the hands of few people; it has formed a resistance for economic reform as well. Social contradiction and corruption become more serious.

In addition, there is no reform for news system. The fully free speech and press have not been given by government. The censorship is still existent. The information for public are all been checked before they come out.  In the society, there is only one dominant ideology can be promoted, which is from the government. The media are first foremost “the Party’s mouthpiece”, journalists and media’s right to continued existence lies in the hands of the Central Propaganda Department. That also is why people are disappointed.

Officials’ corruption

Every country has corruption issues. However, Corruption issues inChinabecome more and more since the reform. Because of many officials’ corruption issues, there were more group conflicts between public and the government. The root of public’s disappointment is officials’ corruption. With the reform and opening-up, people’s acquisitiveness heart was excited by the rapid development of economy, the national public servant depend on the national power they have to make profit for themselves. People can not find way to solve their problems and do not believe government any more. Finally, they have to appeal to the higher authorities for help so that affect the social stability.

Lower the standard of social morality

With the economic development, people’s life quality become better and better. However, money becomes a new standard to measure people’s personal life. Social morality is on the way to be ignored. These years, many food safety issues are a reflection of the society as a whole lack of moral belief.

(abaliable at:

http://image.baidu.com/i?ct=503316480&z=&tn=baiduimagedetail&word=%D6%D0%B9%FA%BA%DA%B0%B5%C3%E6&in=25417&cl=2&lm=-1&pn=4&rn=1&di=15259644390&ln=1753&fr=&fmq=&ic=0&s=0&se=1&sme=0&tab=&width=&height=&face=0&is=&istype=2)

Rich-poor polarization

It is fact that Chinese famers are still in the lowest class of Chinese society.  Rich-pool polarization will cause pool people’s psychological of hate rich, it could become serious social issue just like a potential bomb. The effect of the reform do not cover farmers totally. Farmers need get attention by the government to improve their life quality.

(available at:http://image.baidu.com/i?ct=503316480&z=&tn=baiduimagedetail&word=%B4%F3%C6%F8%CE%DB%C8%BE&in=21601&cl=2&lm=-1&pn=83&rn=1&di=5124849990&ln=2000&fr=&fmq=&ic=0&s=0&se=1&sme=0&tab=&width=&height=&face=0&is=&istype=2)

Environment

With more than thirty years reform, people only focus on economy and ignore environmental protection. It caused many environmental problems: Dust, water pollution, air pollution and so on.

Since 1978 the reform and opening-up,Chinahas got huge achievement. However, there still are some issues have not been solved and need us to think. The thingChinaneeds to do is find the lacks and summing up experience. The future ofChinais bright ifChinacan continue and deepen the reform.

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No.2 Huge changes of people’s life during the thirty years

6 Mar

The video is from CCTV news; it introduces the improvements China achieved.

From the video, it is not hard to see what amazing achievement China got since the reform in 1978, expecially for people’s life.

I just interviewed some Chinese students, asked them how do they think about China’s reform and opening-up policy, what the reform brings for them.

People’s wear

In Cultural Revolution period, all people wore the same style named Mao suit and with blue color. Department stores only provided some old fashion style clothes which were worn in revolution period. Just have a look the youth of nowadays, jeans and shirts became mainstream style just like western people and more and more famous international brands coming to Chinese market; fashion becomes a popular topic in Chinese society as well. The generation after 80s becomes obvious representative for Chinese people’s life.

People’s food

Everybody knows that China had a very terrible period during 1959-1961. According to government statistics, there were 15 million excess deaths in this period. Unofficial estimates vary, but scholars have estimated the number of famine victims to be between 20 and 43 million. After the period, in planning economy, people still needed to use tickets which were given by government to buy food. Streamed bread and gruel are mainstream foods in that period. My father told me, when he was young, my grandfather was a member of Chinese Communist Party and working in government. It was a wealthy family in 1960s; my father said he was proud to have an egg as his breakfast because most people can not. It is unbelievable for us. However, actually it is true. Since China’s reform started, people’s life qualities became higher and higher. American fast food KFC to landed Chinese market firstly and this is first time for Chinese people have chance to try western foods. Nowadays in China, you can try any different kinds of foods, and foods become a fashional culture in China.

People’s social life

China was huge bicycle country. I saw some pictures show many people in 1970s ride bicycle for working. Just compare with current China. More and more families bought car and metro be used in many cities.  More and more high buildings appeared stealthily. Cities have taken on an entirely new look. People can not believe that their children would have chance to study abroad 30 years ago, but now, it becomes truth.

Significance

Nongovernmental business will be the mainstay of China’s economy in light of the development trends of domestic and world economy. Industrial experts noted that the “going outward” strategy will play an important role in China’s economic development and the cooperation between China and foreign countries. Some one made the following analysis: First, in terms of China’s present and future trend of economic development, the infrastructure sector remains as a weak link and needs to be strengthened continuously.Significant input in this sector will not create a bubb. Persevere in reform and opening up and keep improving the socialist market economy. Reform and opening up are ways to make China powerful.

No.1 The huge changes since China’s reform

16 Feb


After the Cultural Revolution, China’s economy was almost corrupted; the financial deficit became more and more terrible. The Gross National Product of China in 1978 was only 362 billion RMB. People still lived in poverty. In addition, after the Cultural Revolution, the ruling party which is Chinese Communist Party lost some public’s supports and people started to doubt its ability of administration. Deng Xiaoping got imperium again, and tried to reform economic system from different sides. He wanted to change China’s economy system from planned economy to market economy. Then he got people’s supports and started his reform.

The Opening-up Policy is a part of Deng’s theory. It is also a guiding principle for China’s socialism construction. It includes changing socialism planning economy to socialism market economy, developing democracy and legal system, completing democratic supervision system. Opening-up Policy mainly means opening for both domestic market and foreign market, and it be seen as the only way for China’s grow up.   

Economic performance since reform

China’s nominal GDP trend from 1952 to 2005. Note the rapid increase since reform in the late 1970’s.

China’s economic growth since the reform has been very rapid, exceeding the East Asian Tigers. Economists estimate China’s GDP growth from 1978 to 2005 at 9.5% a year. Since the beginning of Deng Xiaoping’s reforms, China’s GDP has risen tenfold. The increase in total factor productivity (TFP) was the most important factor, with productivity accounting for 40.1% of the GDP increase, compared with a decline of 13.2% for the period 1957 to 1978 – the height of Maoist policies. For the period 1978-2005, Chinese GDP per capita increased from 2.7% to 15.7% of US GDP per capita, and from 53.7% to 188.5% of Indian GDP per capita. Per capita incomes grew at 6.6% a year. Average wages rose sixfold between 1978 and 2005, while absolute poverty declined from 41% of the population to 5% from 1978 to 2001. Some scholars believed that China’s economic growth has been understated, due to large sectors of the economy not being counted.

Impact on world growth

China is widely seen as an engine of world and regional growth. Surges in Chinese demand account for 50, 44 and 66 percent of export growth of Hong Kong, Japan and Taiwan respectively, and China’s trade deficit with the rest of East Asia helped to revive the economies of Japan and Southeast Asia. Asian leaders view China’s economic growth as an “engine of growth for all Asia”.

Planning economy was being seen as the symbol of socialism.